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Political Personalities / Freedom fighters

* 1 Feb 2022
Dr.Rajendra Prasad  (3 December 1884 - 28 February 1963)  served as the President of India from 1950 to 1962
Dr. Rajendra Prasad, son of Mahadev Sahai, was born in Zeradei, siwan, Bihar on December 3, 1884.  He was married when he was barely 12 years old to Rajvanshi Devi.  In 1915, He passed the Masters in Law examination with honors, winning a gold medal. Subsequently, he completed his Doctorate in Law as well.
Gandhiji’s influence greatly altered many of his views, most importantly on caste and untouchability. Whenever the people suffered, he was present to help people affected by earthquake, flood, illness.
 Dr. Prasad called for non cooperation in Bihar as part of Gandhiji’s non-cooperation movement. He gave up his law practice and started a National College near Patna,1921. The college was later shifted to Sadaqat Ashram on the banks of the Ganga.
He presided over the Bombay session of the Indian National Congress in October 1934. Following the resignation of Subhash Chandra Bose as the President of the Congress in April 1939, he was elected President. He did his best to heal the rifts created between the incompatible ideologies of Subhash Chandra Bose and Gandhiji. Rabindranath Tagore wrote to him, “I feel assured in my mind that your personality will help to soothe the injured souls and bring peace and unity into an atmosphere of mistrust and chaos…”
As the freedom struggle progressed, the dark shadow of communalism which had always lurked in the background, steadily grew. To his dismay communal riots began spontaneously burst all over the nation and in Bihar. He rushed from one scene to another to control the riots. Independence was fast approaching and so was the prospect of partition. Dr. Prasad, who had such fond memories of playing with his Hindu and Muslim friends in Zeradei, now had the misfortune of witnessing the nation being ripped into two.
In July 1946, when the Constituent Assembly was established to frame the Constitution of India, he was elected its President. Two and a half years after independence, on January 26, 1950, the Constitution of independent India was ratified and he became the nation’s first President. Dr. Prasad transformed the imperial splendor of Rashtrapati Bhavan into an elegant “Indian” home. He visited many countries on missions of goodwill, as the new state sought to establish and nourish new relationships. He stressed the need for peace in a nuclear age.
In 1962, after 12 years as President, Dr. Prasad retired, and was subsequently awarded the Bharat Ratna, the nation’s highest civilian award. With the many tumults of his vigorous and accomplished life, he recorded his life and the decades before independence in manybooks, among the more noted of which are “Satyagraha at Champaran” (1922), “India Divided” (1946), his autobiography “Atmakatha” (1946), “Mahatma Gandhi and Bihar, Some Reminisences” (1949), and “Bapu ke Kadmon Mein” (1954)
Dr. Rajendra Prasad spent the last few months of his life in retirement at the Sadaqat Ashram in Patna. He died on February 28, 1963.

* 11 Sep 2021
Mahakavi Bharathiar

* Jul 2021
Dr.Ambedkar (14 April 1891 - 6 December 1956)
- Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar
- Bhimrao Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 in Madhya Pradesh. He was the fourteenth child of his parents. Ambedkar's father Ramji was a Subedar in the Indian Army and posted at Mhow cantonment, MP.
- Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was one of the architects of the Indian Constitution. He was a political leader, eminent jurist, Buddhist activist, philosopher, anthropologist, historian, orator, writer, economist, scholar and editor. Dr. Ambedkar fought to eradicate the social evils like untouchability and for the rights of the dalits and other socially backward classes throughout his life. Dr. Ambedkar was appointed as India's first Law Minister in the Cabinet of Jawaharlal Nehru. He was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour in 1990.
- Ambedkar, in wake of reaching to the people and making them understand the drawbacks of the prevailing social evils, launched a newspaper called "Mooknayaka" (leader of the silent)
- Well known director Jabbar Patel directed a movie on Ambedkar's life and teachings in English which was later dubbed in Hindi and other Indian languages.
- In 1955, he founded the Bharatiya Bauddha Mahasabha, or the Buddhist Society of India. He completed his final work, The Buddha and His Dhamma, in 1956 which was published posthumously.
- Chaitya Bhoomi is a memorial to Dr. B R Ambedkar, Chief architect of Indian Constitution. Earlier known as Dadar Chowpatty it began to be known as Chaitya Bhoomi after Babasaheb Ambedkar was cremated here after his death on 6 December 1956.
- His birthdate is celebrated as a public holiday known as Ambedkar Jayanti or Bhim Jayanti.
Source:  ;

* Jul 2021
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak (July 23, 1856 - August 1, 1920), was an Indian nationalist, social reformer and independence fighter who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement and was described by the British as "Father of the Indian unrest."
His slogan, "Swaraj (Self Rule) is my birthright", inspired millions of Indians. Gandhi called Tilak "The Maker of Modern India".

* Jul 2021
Gandhiji - Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948)
The Father of the Nation
He fought for India's independence through his policies based on non-violence, truth and love. The entire nation followed him to achieve independence from the British rule through non-violence and non-cooperation - 'Ahimsa' and 'Satyagraha'.
Birth - He was born in Porbandar, Gujarat to Karamchand Gandhi (alias Kaba Gandhi) & Putlibai on 2nd October in the year 1869. Kirti Mandir, the house where he was born has now been converted into a national monument. His birth anniversary is celebrated as "Gandhi Jayanthi".
Autobiography - The Story of My Experiments with Truth was written by Gandhiji in Gujarati. The English translation was done by his secretary Mahadev Desai and was published before Gandhiji's death'.
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* 22 Feb 2022
Rani Velu Nachiyar and Marudhu brothers

Rani Velu Nachiyar (3 Jan 1730 - 25 Dec 1796) known as Veeramangai Velu Nachiyar was the first queen to fight against the British colonial power in India. She was the princess of Ramanathapuram and the only child of Raja Chellamuthu vijayaragunatha Sethupathy and Rani Sakandhimuthal of the Ramnad kingdom. Rani Velu Nachiyar was trained in weapons usage, martial arts like Valari, Silambam, horse riding and archery. She was a scholar in many languages and was proficient in languages like French, English and Urdu. She married the king of Sivagangai, with whom she had a daughter. When her husband Muthuvaduganathaperiya Udaiyathevar was killed by British soldiers and the son of the Nawab of Arcot, she was drawn into battle. She escaped with her daughter and lived under the protection of Palayakaarar Kopaala Naayakkar at Virupachi near Dindigul for eight years.  In due course, the Nawab made an agreement with Velu Nachiar and Marudhu Brothers to return to Sivaganga and rule the country subject to payment of Kist to the Nawab. An agreement was reached whereby Rani Velu Nachiar was permitted to govern the Sivaganga region and Chinna Marudu, the younger was appointed her minister and the elder Vellai Marudu as the Commander-in-chief. Thus the widow queen Velu Nachiar succeeded her husband in 1780. 

* 22 Feb 2022
Marudhu brothers were the sons of Udayar Servai alias Mookiah Palaniappan Servai and Anandayer alias Ponnathal, native of Kongulu street of Ramnad. They belonged neither to the family of the ancient poligars nor to their division of the caste. Servaikaran was the caste title and Marudu the family name.
The Marudu Brothers served under Muthu Vaduganatha Thevar. Later they were elevated to the position of Commanders. Boomerangs (Valari) are peculiar to India. Two forms of this weapons are used in India. These weapons are commonly made of wood. It is cresent-shaped, one end being heavier than the other and the outer edge, sharpened called the VALARI stick. It is said that Marudhu Brothers were experts in the art of throwing the valari stick and used Valari in the POLIGAR wars against the English.

The Marudu brothers with 12,000 armed men surrounded Sivaganga and plundered the Nawab’s territories.The Nawab on the 10th of March 1789 appealed to the Madras Council for aid. On 29th April 1789, the British forces attacked Kollangudi. It was defeated by a large body of Marudhu’s troops.
Marudu brothers were in close association with Veera Pandiya Kattabomman of Panchalankurichi. Kattabomman held frequent consultations with the Marudhus. After the execution of Kattabomman in 17th October 1799 at Kayattar, Chinna Marudhu gave asylum to Kattabomman’s brother Oomadurai (dumb brother). He issued an epoch-making Jumboo Deweepa proclamation to the people in the island of Jamboo the peninsular South India to fight against the English whether they were Hindus, Mussalamans or Christians. At last the Marudhu Pandiyars fell a victim to the cause of liberating the motherland from the English supremacy. They were executed on the ruins of fort at Tiruppathur in Sivaganga district on 24th October 1801.